UPDATE | This listing is an update of our 2017 state minimum wage information.

In the U.S., states set minimum per hour wages an employer must pay its employees. However, the federal government sets a national minimum wage that supercedes the state rate. In other words, if the state has set a $5.25 per hour rate, the employer must still pay at least $7.25 per hour, the current federal minimum wage. (Just to make it even more difficult to follow, there are exceptions to that rule, as well. See the footnotes for such exceptions.)

The following list shows state minimum wages in January 2018. (State minimum wages can change frequently and many states have legislated multi-year increases. So always check with your local jurisdiction for the most up to date information.)

State Minimum Wages | 2018


Minimum Wage

Future Enacted

Indexed Automatic
Annual Adjustments





Indexed annual increases begin
Jan. 1, 2017. (2014 ballot measure)

American Samoa

varies 1



$11.00 eff. 1-1-19
$12.00 eff. 1-1-20

Rate increased annually based on cost of living beginning Jan. 2021 (2016 ballot measure)





$12.00 eff. 1-1-19
$13.00 eff. 1-1-20
$14.00 eff. 1-1-21
$15.00 eff. 1-1-22

Indexed annual increases based on CPI begin Jan. 1, 2023



$11.10 eff. 1-1-19
$12.00 eff. 1-1-20

Rate increased  annually based on cost of living beginning Jan. 1 2021 (2016 ballot measure)







$13.25 eff. 7-1-18
$14.00 eff. 7-1-19
$15.00 eff. 7-1-20

Indexed annual increases based on CPI begin July 1, 2021



Annual increase based cost of living. (Constitutional amendment 2004)






















$10.00 4

$11.00 eff. 1-1-19
$12.00 eff. 1-1-20

Indexed annual increases based on CPI begin Jan 1, 2021



$10.10 eff. 7-1-18


$11.00 5



Annual increases take effect Jan. 1, 2019, linked to the CPI. Increases not to exceed 3.5%. (2014 Legislation)


$9.65/$7.87 6

Indexed annual increases begin
Jan. 1, 2018.

(2014 legislation)




$7.85 7

Minimum wage increased or decreased by cost of living starting Jan. 1, 2008. (2006 ballot measure)


$8.30/$4.00 8

Increases done annually based on the CPI and effective Jan. 1 of the following year. (2006 ballot measure)




$8.25/$7.25 9

Increases subject to the federal minimum wage and consumer price index. Increases take effect July 1. (Constitutional amendment 2004/2006).

 New Hampshire

repealed by HB 133 (2011)

 New Jersey


Indexed annual increases based on the CPI, effective Jan. 1, 2014. (Constitutional Amendment 2013)

 New Mexico


 New York


$11.10 eff. 12-31-18
$11.80 eff. 12-31-19
$12.50 eff. 12-31-20After 12-31-20, the rate is adjusted annually for inflation until it reaches $15.00

 North Carolina


 North Dakota




Indexed annual increases based on the CPI. (Constitutional amendment 2006)


$7.25/$2.00 12



$10.75 eff. 7-1-18
$11.25 eff. 7-1-19
$12.00 eff. 7-1-20
$12.75 eff. 7-1-21
$13.50 eff. 7-1-22

Indexed annual increases based on the CPI are effective July 1, 2023 (2016 legislation)



 Puerto Rico

$7.25/$5.08 14

 Rhode Island


$10.50 eff. 1-1-19

 South Carolina


 South Dakota


Annual indexed increases begin
Jan. 1, 2016. (2014 ballot measure.)









Beginning Jan. 1, 2019, minimum wage increased annually by 5% or the CPI, whichever is smaller; it cannot decrease. Note: Vermont started indexing in 2007 but enacted additional increases in 2014.
(2014 legislation)

 Virgin Islands


$10.50 eff. 6-1-18





$12.00 eff. 1-1-2019
$13.50 eff. 1-1-2020

Annual indexed increases began Jan. 1, 2020. (ballot measure 2016)

 West Virginia







Sources: U.S. Dept. of Labor, and state websites via National Conference of State Legislatures.


1 American Samoa: The Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-28) sets minimum wage rates within American Samoa and provides for additional increases in the minimum wage of $0.50 per hour each year on May 25, until reaching the minimum wage generally applicable in the United States. The wage rates are set for particular industries, not for an employee’s particular occupation. The rates are minimum rates; an employer may choose to pay an employee at a rate higher than the rate(s) for its industry.

2  California: The minimum wage scheduled increases are delayed by one year for employers with 25 or fewer employees. The rate increases to $10.50 per hour effective 1/1/2018 and is increased by $1.00 increments annually until it reaches $15.00 effective 1/1/2023

3  Connecticut: The Connecticut minimum wage rate automatically increases to 1/2 of 1 percent above the rate set in the Fair Labor Standards Act if the Federal minimum wage rate equals or becomes higher than the State minimum.

4  The Maine minimum wage is automatically replaced with the Federal minimum wage rate if it is higher than the State minimum.

5  The Massachusetts minimum wage rate automatically increases to 10 cents above the rate set in the Fair Labor Standards Act if the Federal minimum wage equals or becomes higher than the State minimum.

6  Minnesota: With the passage of H.B. 2091 (2014), the annual sales volume threshold was reduced to $500,000. For large employers, with an annual sales volume of $500,000 or more, the minimum wage is currently $9.50; for small employers, those with an annual sales volume of less than $500,000, the minimum wage is $7.75.

7  Missouri – In addition to the exemption for federally covered employment, the law exempts, among others, employees of a retail or service business with gross annual sales or business done of less than $500,000.

8  Montana: The $4.00 rate applies to businesses with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less; $8.15 applies to all others.

9  Nevada: $8.25 without health benefits; $7.25 with health benefits.

10  New York: The new minimum wage varies across the state based on geographical location and, in New York City, employer size.

11Ohio: $7:25 for employers grossing $299,000 or less

12 Oklahoma: Employers of ten or more full-time employees at any one location and employers with annual gross sales over $100,000 (no matter the number of full-time employees) are subject to federal minimum wage; all others are subject to state minimum wage of $2.00 (OK ST T. 40 § 197.5).

13 Oregon: In addition to the new standard minimum wage rate, SB 1532 sets out a higher rate for employers located in the urban growth boundary, and a lower rate for employers located in nonurban counties. Their respective planned increases are below.

Other Exceptions

  • Puerto Rico: Employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) are subject to the Federal minimum wage of $7.25. Employers not covered by the FLSA will be subject to a minimum wage that is at least 70 percent of the Federal minimum wage or the applicable mandatory decree rate of $5.08, whichever is higher. The Secretary of Labor and Human Resources may authorize a rate based on a lower percentage for any employer who can show that implementation of the 70 percent rate would substantially curtail employment in that business.
  • Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas, Puerto Rico, Utah, and Virginia exclude from coverage any employment that is subject to the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act.
  • Hawaii, Kansas, and Michigan exclude from coverage any employment that is subject to the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act, if the State wage is higher than the Federal wage.
  • The Georgia state minimum wage is $5.15. Employees covered under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act are subject to the federal minimum wage of $7.25, but those not covered under the FLSA may be paid the state minimum wage of $5.15.

Cities and counties with minimum wage requirements

In some states, a city or county can enact a minimum wage higher than the states’. The cities and jurisdictions in the list below have different minimum wages than the states in which they are located. As these can change often, check with local tax departments for information on these locales.


  • Birmingham


  • Flagstaff


  • Berkeley
  • Cupertino
  • El Cerrito
  • Emeryville
  • California
  • Los Angeles County
  • Los Angeles
  • Malibu
  • Milpitas
  • Mountain View
  • Oakland
  • Palo Alto
  • Pasadena
  • Richmond
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • San Leandro
  • San Mateo
  • Santa Clara
  • Santa Monica
  • Sunnyvale

New Mexico

  • Albuquerque
  • Bernalillo County
  • Las Cruces
  • Santa Fe City
  • Santa Fe County


  • Chicago
  • Cook County


  • Portland


  • Montgomery County
  • Prince George’s County

New York

  • Nassau County
  • New York City
  • Suffolk County
  • Westchester County


  • Portland Urban Growth Boundary


  • SeaTac
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma



Related Articles

Why Don’t Employees Use All of Their Paid Vacation Days? | 2018

32 percent of U.S. workers say they are reluctant to use all of their paid vacation days, claiming they are pressured not to take time off.

What are the 20 Fastest Growing U.S. Occupations in Size and Pay Between Now and 2026?

Career information on duties, education and training, pay, and outlook for hundreds of occupations.

Checklist: Items to Keep (and NOT Keep) in Employee Files

It is important–and sometimes, required by law–to set up and manage personnel and employee files. Here is a helpful checklist of what to include.

SmallBusiness.com’s Guide to Creating an Employee Manual

As your company grows, it becomes increasingly important to have an employee manual.

How to Determine if a Potential Employee Has Entrepreneurial DNA

Hiring an entrepreneurial employee is one of the best things you can do for your bottom line.

A Dozen Benefits Employees Value Most

Nearly one-third of an employee’s compensation can be in the form of benefits. Here are some they value most.

75 Classic (and Somewhat Boring) Interview Questions for Job Candidates

The tried and true types of interview questions for job candidates.

35 Questions That Encourage Small Business Job Candidates to Talk About Themselves

Here are questions that will get small business job candidates to talk about themselves.

15 Job Candidate Questions Related to Salary and Career Development

Some questions need to address the issue that is often uncomfortable for both employer and job candidate to discuss: money.

Survey: Harassment Prevention Training Needed in Small Businesses | 2018

In addition to the victimization of the employee, harrassment cases can destroy a small business.

20 Questions for Job Candidates in a Behavioral Interview

Past behavior in a specific situation is a better predictor of future behavior than questions about a hypothetical future situation.

25 Brainteaser and Oddball Interview Questions for Job Candidates

Brainteaser and oddball interview questions can sometime reveal the creative or critical-thinking skills of the job candidate.

What is a ‘Nonemployer Business’? | 2018

The U.S. Code of federal statutes contains the term “small business” 1,034 times. Terms like microbusiness or biz are mentioned nowhere in the code.

Hiring Your First Employee? Here is an 8-Step Checklist of Things to Do

Help for starting the hiring process and to ensure you are compliant with key federal and state regulations.